La Commission européenne 2004-2009 : une institution politiquement affaiblie?

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La Commission européenne a été politiquement affaiblie sous la tutelle de José Manuel Barroso ; c’est ce que suggère un rapport du Réseau des instituts des politiques européennes (EPIN) compilé par des experts nationaux de 25 Etats membres de l’UE.

The report comes as the Barroso Commission nears the end of its term, and national governments must decide whether or not to offer Barroso another five-year term at the EU executive’s helm. 

From the perspective of the member states, « a picture emerges of a European Commission that has become politically weakened vis-à-vis the other institutions and in the Union as a whole, » claims the report. 

The EPIN paper states that the « dominant perception » in national capitals is that the Commission is no longer the institution that seeks « higher standards of ‘Community interest' ». 

The report further claims governments are perceiving that the lowest common denominator is « no longer determined by the Council, » because the EU executive is increasingly anticipating national positions at an earlier stage and taking them into account at the preparatory level. 

The EPIN paper tells of a perceived Commission bias towards larger member states « at the expense of smaller ones ». 

Meanwhile, the report identifies the EU executive’s « single most important failure » as its inability to foresee and respond to the financial and economic crisis, adding that the actions that the Commission did take were largely viewed as being « too little, too late ». 

Ending on a positive note, the EPIN report concludes that the « most-appreciated » Commission initiative was the adoption of the climate and energy Package, which appears to have been « widely appreciated across the EU ». 

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